An increase in population has led to increasing the consumption of articles which has made the dumping a difficult process, especially with the introduction of plastic products. Dumping of general solid waste has been one of the rising concerns because landfill sites have run out of capacity to store more waste. These wastes are collected by municipalities from community bins, generated by household activities, commercial activities, and street sweepers.
However, at the same time, mankind is also trying to find proper solutions for managing solid waste to prevent unnecessary pollution. There are many waste management companies in Delhi that have developed organic waste converter into compost or fuel. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce unnecessary pollution by following a 3R (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) principle. This principle has been implemented in smart cities in India for preservation and effective utilization of natural resources. The aim is to achieve continuous development without wasting resources and preserving them for future generations.
The 3R Principle – Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
Waste Management is an important factor in protecting the environment. Bad waste management can cause land and air pollution which may result in serious medical conditions. A clean environment enhances the efficiency of the workers, increases cost savings and ensures safety at workplaces.
Importance of 3R Principle
The adoption of 3R Principles helps in living a sustainable life. It encourages people to act wisely about the consumption and production of waste which further helps in making lifestyle decisions to reduce the waste we create and reduce the bad effect on the environment. It will create more job opportunities, such as more workers will be needed to collect, sort, and process recyclables. And reuse centers can also be used as a means of creating job opportunities
The waste management is the key to reduce the generation of waste and separate recyclables which can be used to improve the quality of materials for reuse. The materials that cannot be reused should be recycled. Wastes that cannot be recycled should be recovered usually through bacteriological decomposition should be landfilled or can be converted into organic compost through food waste composting machine. The 3Rs adopt an integrated network of waste generation, collection, processing, and manufacture. It also leads to a reduction in the amount of waste being generated and the maximum use of waste from various resources to minimize the burden on the Earth.
Let us understand the principle of 3R’s:
The first step to manage waste efficiently is to try preventing the generation of waste by reducing at the source the waste produced. Reducing the packaging of a product can also lead to reducing the total resources used. It means to reduce the use of plastic bags, paper plates, cups, utensils and we should consume items that are reusable. Many companies have started initiatives by contributing in reducing the waste using green waste processor to create organic compost.
Reusing is the process using the items when it is not possible to reduce them. Reusing items can be by repairing, selling or donating these items to charity or community groups. Reusing the items plays an important role in developing countries. Some of the developing countries have refillable glass bottles are still used widely, and families routinely take empty bottles to the grocery stores when they purchase beverages. If someone doesn’t bring an empty bottle when purchasing the beverage in a refillable bottle, they must pay a deposit equivalent to the cost of the bottle. This encourages the return of reusable bottles, which is in parallel encouraging the reuse principle.
The second step to manage waste efficiently is recycling. Recycling is the process of using the product up to its full potential and converting it into usable raw material to make another product. According to the CPCB report, in 2014-15, 91 percent of solid waste was collected, of which, only 27 per cent was treated and the remaining 73 percent was disposed at dumpsites. It is expected that our material consumption will be increasing triple by 2025. Therefore, recycling can be seen as a viable and sustainable domestic option for meeting the country’s growing material demand. The waste can be processed into automatic mechanised organic waste converter into useful products like organic compost and liquid fuel, just like Clean India Ventures is doing to keep the Delhi/NCR clean.
The 3R Principle is a great way to protect the environment and initiate sustainable living. There is a need for strict rules and regulations, environmental education which is very important for students. On August 15, 2019, the Modi Government has urged the people to stop using the single-use plastic. On October 2, 2019, the government will be announcing the nation-wide ban on these, which will be a leading effort to scrap plastics by 2022. We should also integrate recycling practices as well as reducing and reusing habits into our everyday lives and our day-to-day activities so that it becomes a norm rather than an option.